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French Words

Appellation
‘Appellation’ is a French word that has no direct translation into English, but it refers to a geographical area and the types of wines that are made from it.
Every appellation produces wines of distinct character, because of a fusion of many elements unique to that area. These elements include:
- Local tradition
- The soils and climate
- One or more grape varieties
- Geographic area
- The know-how of man
As a result, wines from one appellation in the Loire Valley will have a character that is distinct from that of another appellation.

Terroir
‘Terroir’ is another French word referring to the cultivation of vines and wines. It means a group of vineyards (or even vines) from the same region, that belong to a specific appellation, sharing the same type of soil, weather conditions, grapes and wine-making traditions, which make up the particular character of the wines.

What’s the difference?
A wine gets its appellation mainly because it was grown from a particular terroir.

Touraine Wines
Many of the wines available through Amandaswines.co.uk are of the Touraine appellation. Vines have been in the Touraine region since the 2 nd Century, as evidenced by the names of many local villages such as Vineuil (near Blois). The church had a great deal of interest in the cultivation of vines – after all, the monks had plenty of spare time on their hands!
The proximity of large, navigable rivers contributed to the continued development of vineyards in the Touraine appellation. A commercial flow was in place by the 11 th Century downriver from Blois to Tours and Nantes. In 1577 a Bill of Parliament was passed in Paris to forbid tavern keepers, inn keepers, and wine merchants from getting their wines from vineyards situated less than 20 leagues (88kms) from the capital - this proved very profitable for the Touraine region, which became one of the leading wine suppliers to Paris and its suburbs via the Loire and Cher rivers.

By the start of the 20th Century, there was a surfeit of wine being produced in Touraine and France as a whole, and vineyards all over the country had to reduce the planted areas of vines considerably. Salvation can only come from quality, and many unsuitable vineyards were abandoned. The Touraine Appellation was recognised in 1939.

 

 

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